Table 7. The major industrial processes that use immobilized enzymes.
ProcessEnzymeProduction rate (ton year−1)
High-fructose corn syrup productionGlucose isomerase107
Acrylamide productionNitrile hydratase105
Transesterification of food oilsLipase105
Lactose hydrolysisLactase105
Semi-synthetic penicillin productionPenicillin acylase104
l-aspartic acid productionAspartase104
Aspartame productionThermolysin104